Employer ACA Reporting – Electronic Filing Requirements
Employer ACA Reporting – Electronic Filing Requirements
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) created reporting requirements under Internal Revenue Code (Code) Sections 6055 and 6056. Under these rules, certain employers must provide information to the IRS about the health plan coverage they offer (or do not offer) to their employees.
Under these reporting rules, any reporting entity that is required to file at least 250 individual statements under Sections 6055 or 6056 must file electronically. This ACA Overview describes the process for reporting electronically under Section 6055 and Section 6056.
Electronic Reporting Requirement
Any reporting entity that is required to file at least 250 individual statements under Sections 6055 or 6056 must file electronically. The 250-or-more requirement applies separately to each type of individual statement. Entities filing fewer than 250 returns during the calendar year may choose to file on paper, but are allowed (and encouraged) to file electronically.
Electronic filing will be done using the ACA Information Returns (AIR) Program, which is currently available for both 2015 and 2016 reporting. The IRS has provided a lot of guidance and information on electronic reporting under Section 6055 and Section 6056 through its AIR Program Main Page and AIR Program Overview page. However, this guidance is generally very technical, and is intended for software developers and other entities that plan on providing electronic reporting services.
The IRS’ electronic filing guidance is not generally intended to be used by employers that are required to file under Section 6055 or Section 6056, although it can provide some useful information on standards and procedures for returns transmitted through the AIR Program.
AIR Program Overview
|In general, the AIR Program will be used by:||· Software developers who develop software for creating electronic files for ACA information returns;
· Transmitters who will transmit information returns to the IRS on behalf of reporting entities; and
· Issuers who have the capability to transmit information returns directly to the IRS on their own behalf.
In most cases, issuers, employers and other reporting entities will use a third-party vendor to file electronically with the IRS on their behalf. As a result, these entities will not directly use the AIR Program themselves.
Entities that submit electronic returns through the AIR Program will have to first complete the e-Services Registration to obtain login credentials, and then will have to log in within 28 days to confirm their registration and activate their IRS user account. Then, entities will have to complete the ACA Information Return Transmitter Control Code (TCC) Application and receive a TCC in the mail prior to electronically filing AIR Forms 1094-B, 1094-C, 1095-B and 1095-C.
|Reporting entities that are using third-party vendors—and are not transmitting information returns directly to the IRS—should not apply for a TCC.|
Electronic Reporting Process
The IRS will only accept electronic forms in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format. XML format is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format which is both human-readable and machine-readable.
|PDF, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel or any other electronic format will not be accepted.|
In addition, AIR forms must be transmitted to the IRS using either the Application to Application (A2A) channel or the ACA Web Browser User Interface (UI) channel. An A2A transmitter must complete the automated enrollment process to obtain a certificate prior to transmitting returns to the IRS.
- Publication 5165, Guide for Electronically Filing ACA Information Returns for Software Developers and Transmitters, outlines the communication procedures, transmission formats, business rules and validation procedures for returns transmitted electronically through the AIR system. To develop software for use with the AIR system, software developers, transmitters and issuers should use the guidelines provided in this publication, along with the XML schemas published on IRS.gov.
- Publication 5164, Test Package for Electronic Filers of ACA Information Returns, contains general and program-specific testing information for use with AATS. AATS refers to both the process and the system used to test software and electronic transmissions prior to accepting software developers, transmitters and issuers into the AIR System. Software developers are required to annually pass predefined AATS submissions and to test scenarios for the forms that they will support. Transmitters and issuers must pass communication tests for the forms they will file.
- Publication 5258, AIR Submission Composition and Reference Guide, provides information on electronic composition of Forms 1094-B, 1095-B, 1094-C and 1095-C, transmitting forms through AIR and a sample XML.
Also, the IRS regularly hosts webinars, called AIR Working Group meetings, in order to provide information on electronic reporting through the AIR System. These and other IRS resources are available on the IRS’ AIR Program Main Page or AIR Program Overview page.
Waiver of the Electronic Reporting Requirement
A waiver from the requirement to file returns electronically is available. To receive a waiver, reporting entities must submit Form 8508, Request for Waiver From Filing Information Returns Electronically, to the IRS. Reporting entities are encouraged to submit Form 8508 at least 45 days before the due date of the returns, but no later than the due date of the returns. The IRS does not process waiver requests until Jan. 1 of the calendar year the returns are due.
Reporting entities cannot apply for a waiver for more than one tax year at a time, and must reapply at the appropriate time for each year in which a waiver is required. Any approved waivers should be kept for the reporting entity’s records only. A copy of an approved waiver should not be sent to the service center where paper returns are filed.
If a waiver for original returns is approved, any corrections for the same types of returns will be covered under the waiver. However, if original returns are submitted electronically, but the reporting entity wants to submit corrections on paper, a waiver must be approved for the corrections if the reporting entity must file 250 or more corrections.
Without an approved waiver, a reporting entity that is required to file electronically but fails to do so may be subject to a penalty of up to $250 per return (as adjusted annually), unless it can establish reasonable cause. However, reporting entities can file up to 250 returns on paper; those returns will not be subject to a penalty for failure to file electronically.
Judy Kamens, a Compliance Specialist in the Lawley Employee Benefits division, has more than 15 years of experience in all facets of Human Resources, with a focus and concentration in Employee Benefits administration and management.
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